Riesgos Y Beneficios De La Legalizacion De Las Drogas
While young adults aged 18 to 25 have the highest rates of drug use across the board, drug use among adults aged 26 to 49 is increasing: proponents of legalizing marijuana talk about the benefits it has as an analgesic and as an aid to the diseases of patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiation. While its opponents point out that science has not yet proven that the use of the drug is safe. Experts say more research is needed to determine the true benefits and long-term effects of marijuana, whether used recreationally or medicinally. Legalization should follow the regulation of legal tobacco and alcohol with appropriate adjustments. A possible legalization raises questions: would those who currently control illegal markets become entrepreneurs? Will the big tobacco or liquor companies take over the new market? Will the current market controllers be replaced by a new generation of entrepreneurs dedicated to this activity? This would be the main objective of legalization. Because in recent years, more and more cannabis mixed with other things like sand or sugar is offered on the streets. And also with high-danger synthetic substances, which enhance the effect of the drug and make it uncontrollable. Users may experience hallucinations or circulatory collapses. Government oversight could significantly reduce these risks, it is argued.
The pressure on adults is real. Building a career, buying houses, getting married, having children and trying to do everything right comes with a lot of pressure. COVID-19 has increased stress. Some turn to drugs to cope. Just because some drugs are legal does not mean they are less dangerous. Legalization is expected to start with marijuana, which accounts for 70% of the drugs consumed worldwide and provides the drug trade with the highest profits but also the lowest health risk. However, despite the risks and side effects, cannabis is the most popular illicit drug among youth. And the debate about its legalization in many parts of the world shows that public acceptance is growing. Before the risks become real and before drugs change your life and the lives of your family, you know there is help.
You can stop taking drugs. Reproduction – from the Internet – of the arguments in favor of the article « Ten reasons for the legalization of drugs », by Juan Carlos Hidalgo, collaborator of the Project for Global Economic Freedom of the Cato Institute, who presents a counter-argument in response to each element. Drug prohibition had catastrophic consequences very similar to those of alcohol in the 20s in the United States. However, instead of acknowledging the failure of such policies, most governments around the world have insisted on spending more resources and violating the freedoms of their citizens to stop the illegal drug trade:1 « Legalization would end the lucrative part of drug trafficking. by bringing to the surface the existing black market. And with the disappearance of the clandestine nature of drug trafficking, the social problems associated with this activity diminish considerably. The current drug prohibition does not stop the market, it has simply overwhelmed it under the guise of illegality, and if a business is a crime, criminals will participate. Answer.
Legalization does not reduce the profitability of an addictive product. See the case of tobacco. According to the WHO, only five countries (the United States, China, India, Russia and Brazil) consume more than two billion cigarettes per year, resulting in a turnover of US$331.5 billion in each country, the equivalent of the best-selling brand in dollar terms.2 « Legalization would significantly reduce the price of medicines by ending very high production and brokerage costs. which implies prohibition. This means that many people addicted to these substances do not have to steal or prostitute themselves to pay the currently inflated price of these substances. Answer. The same WHO report notes that in many underdeveloped countries, tobacco use accounts for up to 10 percent of household spending for millions of poor families. But since it is an addiction, they cannot help but consume it, even if they sacrifice other consumer goods that would bring them more well-being.
3 « The legalization of drugs would bring the production of such substances within the rules of a legal market. Under the ban, there are no quality controls or sales of standardized doses. This has led to high mortality from overdose or drug poisoning. Maria Zakharova: The WHO report shows that smoking, the legalized trade, killed 100 million people in the twentieth century, which currently kills more than five million a year, and that at the rate of growth of consumption – legalized everywhere – projections are that tobacco will kill 1,000 million in the twenty-first century. 4 « Drug trafficking has spread its tentacles into the political life of countries. Important political figures from all over Latin America have been linked to personalities and funds linked to drug trafficking. Perhaps that`s why the war on drugs is intensifying year after year. Major drug traffickers benefit most from current prohibition, and anti-drug operations in the region serve to eliminate competition from small and medium-sized traffickers.
Answer. Look at the addictive tobacco industry, which shouldn`t have as much political influence: « Tobacco is already the leading cause of death. We have proven ways to reduce tobacco use, but policymakers are not yet implementing appropriate interventions. Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City. The WHO report is even more categorical: « The tobacco industry spends tens of billions of dollars each year worldwide on advertising, promotion and sponsorship. Partial bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship are not effective because the industry is simply redirecting its resources to other unregulated marketing channels. 5 « The legalization of drugs would put an end to a major hotbed of corruption, which is increasing at all levels of government because a significant number of police, customs officers, judges and all kinds of authorities have been bought, bribed or blackmailed by drug traffickers, creating a great atmosphere of popular mistrust of the public sector in general. Answer: Corruption among anti-drug prohibition agencies is common and a major risk for senior officials in many countries.
If trade were legalized, in exchange for the collection of very high taxes, and if control of DEA-type agencies – police – prosecutors – were transferred to other customs agencies – customs courts and regulators of industry and commerce – the same would happen as for tobacco and alcohol.6 « Governments would stop wasting billions of dollars on the war on drugs. Resources designed to fight the real criminals: those who violate the rights of others.